RABI, ISIDOR ISAAC (1898–1988), U.S. physicist and Nobel Prize winner. Rabi was born at Rymanow, Austro-Hungary, and taken to the United States when he was a year old. He became a tutor in physics at City College, New York, and won fellowships to various European universities. In 1937 he returned to lecture at Columbia, where he was appointed a full professor in 1950. Meanwhile, he continued his own researches in nuclear physics, quantum mechanics and magnetism. He realized that the essential step was to determine the nature of the force that holds together the protons within the nucleus of the atom, overcoming the mutual repulsion that must exist between them, as all are positively charged. When otto stern discovered how to measure this force by means of a "molecular beam," Rabi followed up the discovery, which he found more effective than fission for elucidating the structure of the atom. His most distinguished work was the development of a method of receiving and interpreting such beams, and it was this that won him the Nobel Prize for physics in 1944, four years after he had become associate director of the radiation laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. During the remainder of World War II Rabi served as a civilian investigator for the Office of Scientific Research and Development. From 1953 he was chairman of the general advisory committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, but he was active among those opposing the strict military control of atomic energy proposed by Congress, and he deplored what he saw as a tendency for pure science to be subordinated to industrial needs. He was involved with building the cyclotron as well as with other work at the Brookhaven National Laboratory for Atomic Research. Rabi was a member of the UN Science Committee and on the Atomic Energy agency, among other international agencies. He was a member of the board of governors of the Weizmann Institute in Israel. Two autobiographical lectures, published under the title My Lifeand Times as a Physicist, appeared in 1960. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: T. Levitan, Laureates, Jewish Winners of the Nobel Prize (1960), 89–92; Current Biography Yearbook 1948 (1949), 509–10. (J. Edwin Holmstrom)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Rabi,Isidor Isaac — Ra·bi (räʹbē), Isidor Isaac. 1898 1988. Austrian born American physicist. He won a 1944 Nobel Prize for his study of magnetic movement of atomic particles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rabi, Isidor Isaac — ▪ American physicist born July 29, 1898, Rymanów, Austria Hungary [now in Poland] died Jan. 11, l988, New York, N.Y., U.S.  American physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1944 for his invention (in 1937) of the atomic and… …   Universalium

  • Rabi , Isidor Isaac — (1898–1988) Austrian–American physicist Rabi and his parents emigrated to America from Rymanow in Poland, where he was born, while he was still young. He subsequently grew up in a Yiddish speaking community in New York, where his father ran a… …   Scientists

  • Rabi, Isidor Isaac — (1898–1988)    US physicist and Nobel laureate, 1944. Rabi, a professor at Columbia University, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in measuring the magnetic properties of atoms and molecules, using the molecular beam method.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Rabí, Isidor Isaac — ► (1898 1988) Físico estadounidense de origen austríaco. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1944 por la determinación de propiedades magnéticas nucleares, utilizando el método de resonancia magné tica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — Isidor Isaac Rabi. Isidor Isaac Rabi (Rymanów, 1898 Nueva York, 1988). Físico estadounidense de origen austríaco. Recibió el Premio Nobel de Física en 1944. Biografía Nace el 29 de julio de 1898 en Rymanów (Polonia), que entonces formaba parte… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — Isidor Rabi Isidor Isaac Rabi (29 juillet 1898 à Rymanów, Autriche Hongrie 11 janvier 1988 à New York} est un physicien américain d origine austro hongroise. Il est lauréat du prix Nobel de physi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — (1944) Isidor Isaac Rabi (* 29. Juli 1898 in Rymanów, Galizien, Österreich Ungarn; † 11. Januar 1988 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — Infobox Scientist name = Isidor Rabi imagesize = 180px caption = Isidor Isaac Rabi birth date = birth date|1898|7|29|df=y birth place = Rymanów, Galicia, Austria Hungary nationality = United States death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

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